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Our Advisory Projects

Still a young firm, Deft Advisory and Research has completed the following consulting projects for reputed international institutions and Indian clients.

COVID-19 Socio-Economic Impact Assessment on Employment and Livelihood, and planning recovery needs (South Africa and Azerbaijan)

Client Name

United Nations Development Programme Crisis Bureau, New York, and UN Country Offices in South Africa and Azerbaijan

Period

April – August 2020

COVID-19 socio-economic impact assessment on overall labour markets, employment and livelihood, especially the impact on the Small and Medium Enterprises (SME) and its formal and informal employees. Supporting recovery planning needs and the budget requirements. Successive assignments for two countries: South Africa and Azerbaijan

Activities performed:
i. Rapid survey for primary data collection (for Azerbaijan only) 
ii. Data analysis and modelling  COVID-19 impact on labour markets, SMEs, formal and informal workforce
iii. Cross- sector works: especially with UNDP, Social Protection, UNHCR, WHO, ILO, other agencies.
iv. Drafting of impact assessment report and recommendations on recovery needs.

Assessment of Lessons and Future Direction on Industry led Apprenticeship in Bangladesh

Client Name

Swiss Foundation for Technical Cooperation (Swisscontact), Bangladesh

Period

April – July 2020

The present pilot intervention was to test an apprenticeship model, built on recommendation of enterprise owners. The apprenticeship pilot was redesigned to be exclusively workplace based with a strong focus on relevance and quality of skills delivery. It was expected that this model would ensure that apprentices are trained according to enterprise requirements, thereby increasing employability and leading to them being absorbed in jobs. This assessment aimed to learn from the pilot intervention and use the harvested knowledge to recommend possible roadmap for replication and scaling up. Specific objectives of the assessment were:

i. Review the overall apprenticeship training scenario in context of Bangladesh and the effectiveness of B-SkillFUL’s pilot intervention. Develop an understanding on similarities and differences among various apprenticeship training models in Bangladesh
 
ii. Examine the unique characteristics of the design of the B-SkillFUL pilot intervention. How is it different from other apprenticeship programs.
 
iii. Explain current engagement process of different stakeholders to conduct apprenticeship
 
iv. Identify and assess the strength and weakness of design and implementation of B-SkillFUL’s pilot intervention. Will it increase employability?
 
v. Assess the capacity of local enterprises and identify gaps to promote apprenticeship training
 
vi. Identify the areas of technical assistance required for enterprises to continue apprenticeship training
 
vii. Determine potential entry points, with priorities and rationale, for furthering apprenticeship training through engaging and developing capacity of stakeholders i.e. enterprise, service providers

Strengthening Capacities for Post-Disaster Needs Assessment and Recovery Preparedness: Developing a Guide for Recovery Implementation in the cross-cutting Employment, Livelihoods and Social Protection sector

Client Name

United Nations Development Programme – Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery team in collaboration with
International Labour Organization, Geneva

Period

January 2020 – May 2020

Purpose of this Guide
 
1. The Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) Guidelines and the Disaster Recovery Framework (DRF) Guide were developed by the UN Development Group, the World Bank (WB), and the European Union (EU) and released in 2014 with the intention to unite international and local efforts around a single, government-led post disaster recovery process. The PDNA Guidelines and the DRF Guide are based on good practices and experiences from around the world and designed to avoid duplications, streamline processes and provide an evidence base for resource mobilization. Both have been applied globally, across countries and sectors, to address different types of disasters.
 
2. The main purpose of this short and action-oriented Employment, Livelihood and Social Protection (ELSP) Recovery Guide (“the Guide”) is to assist senior-level national and local governments’ advisors and officials, intergovernmental organizations and implementing partners in designing and executing effective multi-sector programs to reactivate economic activities and employment for livelihood recovery. The Guide, which is meant to be used after a PDNA exercise has already been undertaken, aligns with the PDNA Guidelines for estimating the effects and impact of disasters on the cross-cutting ELSP sector, taking into account the damage and loss assessment results from the infrastructure, productive and social sectors of the PDNA as summarized in the ELSP chapter.
 
3. The Guide could serve as a reference for the lead recovery agency as i) it builds upon the policy framework and multi-sector strategies developed in the PDNA and DRF; ii) it encourages to undertake a program-by-program approach to define sector-specific recovery actions, translating the policy priorities into programs; and iii) identifies projects that can be financed and implemented. The Guide identifies the types of interventions that could be implemented in the infrastructure, productive and social sectors in the short, medium- and long-term stages of employment and livelihood recovery and the associated social protection programmes.

Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA): identifying the availability of baseline data in selected States of India

Client Name

United Nations Development Programme – Disaster Risk Reduction and Recovery

Period

December 2019 – May 2020

Pre-disaster baseline data

Making any damage and loss estimates as a part of a PDNA exercise is based on the pre-disaster scenario of the affected region. A robust set of pre-disaster baseline data on infrastructure, productive, social and cross-cutting sectors helps the assessment team understand the impact on each of them through field surveys (to the extent possible at that time) and post-disaster data made available to the assessment team (usually by Government agencies, parastatals and authorized civil society organizations). It has also been seen by the UN team that high quality of pre-disaster baseline data, expedites PDNA assessments (which usually is the need of the hour), improves recovery needs projections, and enables making even more specific and granular build back better estimates across all the sectors being considered. 

In both cases of PDNA exercises carried out in India (Kerala Floods and Odisha Fani) till now, a significant amount of time spent by the assessment team was spent to identify and collate baseline data. Such experience is also corroborated from PDNA experiences conducted in developing countries across the world. In a country as large and diverse as India, having a federated structure, a repository of identified baseline data, as could become applicable in case any PDNA exercise is required to be conducted at a short notice.   

Assignment objective

The objective of this study is to identify the baseline data that would be required to undertake a typical PDNA exercise in Bihar and Himachal Pradesh, if and when needed.  

Key tasks include:

  1. Review the sector wise standard procedures (SOP) for assessment as outlines in global PDNA sector guidelines and the Government of India PDNA manual.
  2. Compile an initial baseline data sources needed for a PDNA assessment (following sectors) :
    1. Social sectors: Education and Child Protection; Health and Nutrition; Housing, Land and Settlements; Cultural Heritage and Tourism
    2. Productive sectors: Agriculture; Fisheries; Forestry and Plantation; Livestock
    3. Infrastructure sectors: Roads; Telecommunications; Power; Water, Sanitation and Hygiene; Public Buildings; Water Resources
    4. Cross –cutting sectors: Environment; DRR; Livelihood and Employment; Gender and Social inclusion;
    5. Data related to overall human and economic development in the state.
  3. Resolve data gaps
  4. Bring together the data, analyse and present findings in the meetings as facilitated by the UN team. Incorporate feedback/inputs received.
  5. Write a brief note on findings addressing the assignment objectives

End of Project Review: Improving Work Opportunities and Relaying Knowledge (I-Work) project

Client Name

British Council India in partnership with Department of Technical Education and Industrial Training, Government of Punjab

Period

January 2020 – March 2020

Improving Work Opportunities and Relaying Knowledge (I-Work) project was implemented by the British Council for India along with three other countries. The I-Work India component, titled “Implementation of Apprenticeship Policy in Punjab: putting policy to action”, was aimed to: (i) Ensure Government of Punjab, Department of Technical Education and Industrial Training, redefined the role of Apprenticeship Advisors (AA) and deployed them; (ii) prepare employers’ guide and AA handbook; (iii) pilot test a Return on Investment methodology for apprenticeships training in selected industrial sectors; and (iv) showcase  communication and engagement strategy for the Government of Punjab through a series of five workshops reaching out to industries and employers, training providers, along with AAs.

DEFT was appointed to undertake the End of Project Review.

Facility for Low Carbon Technology Deployment (FLCTD): Mid-Term Review

Client Name

United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)

Period

January 2020 – March 2020

The main objective of GEF - UNIDO's FLCTD project is to facilitate, and accelerate, deployment and scaling-up of low-carbon technologies in India that address technology gaps for mitigation of climate change and promotion of the use of clean energy applications in selected sectors. The project will focus in particular on innovative solutions for (1) utilization of low grade heat; (2) space cooling; and (3) pumping (for irrigation and possibly other applications).  

Key tasks of the Mid-Term Review include:
(1) review all project outputs; publications; feedback;
(2) meetings with UNIDO project managers, Bureau of Energy Efficiency Govt of India, Ministry of Environment Govt of India, technology developers, expert panel members and other key stakeholders.
(3) undertake site visits, meetings witg project partners and government counterparts
(4) provide detailed analysis and inputs to the team leader for preparing report.

Enhancing Trainer Effectiveness within the Skill Ecosystem in India

Client Name

British Council India (research beneficiary: National Skill Development Corporation)

Period

October 2019 – March 2020

This policy research study aims to examine trainer effectiveness within private sector training providers delivering public-funded training in the skills sector.  The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) would be a key beneficiary of this research. Key tasks include:

i. Compiling an overview of international standards, good practices, and their applicability to the Indian context. Thereafter, identify a working definition of ‘trainer effectiveness’ and apply it for the study.

ii. Comprehensive surveys for primary data collection and its analysis. Approach to data collection:

(a) conducting two simultaneous national survey of registered trainers and recent alumni students

(b) undertake multi-city missions (12-14 cities in India) to hold extensive consultations with stakeholder groups such as senior management of training providers, Focus Group Discussions with trainers, employers, government officials and interviews with other key informants

(c) discuss with NSDC officials and the industry-led Sector Skill Councils

iii. Based on the above analyses, draft policy and operational recommendations for:

(a) improving the trainer effectiveness elements identified in the working definition

(b) bring in systemic improvements to better respond to the requirements of the trainers

iv. Conducting a concluding workshop with the key stakeholders (MSDE, NSDC, TPs, SSCs, industry, experts in training), to present the results of analysis, discuss the recommendations as well as the steps to move forward.

Accelerated Action against Child Labour: Design a benefit package for child labour families by converging relevant Government schemes and recommend budget allocations for the package

Client Name

International Labour Organization, India

Period

August 2019 – March 2020

The objective of this assignment is to design a comprehensive benefit package for child labour families through mapping the coverage of the central and state government schemes applicable to child labour programmes in the States of Bihar, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh; recommend pathways to be implemented by relevant departments to implement the benefit package, and budget allocations for that.

DEFT has been selected by the ILO as the national agency to undertake this assignment; and is being supported by state agencies for data collection at the districts and interfacing with state institutions. 

Post Disaster Needs Assessment and Recovery Planning: Odisha Cyclone Fani

Client Name

Government of Odisha, Joint UN agencies, World Bank, Asian Development Bank

Period

May – July 2019

The component of work assigned to DEFT (as a part of the Joint UN agencies, World Bank, Asian Dev Bank Post Disaster Needs Assessment in the 14 affected districts of Odisha) was to assess of the cross-cutting impact of Cyclone Fani on Employment, Livelihoods and Social Protection. The work component also included identifying recovery needs and Build-Back-Better (BBB) opportunities, capacities for economic recovery at household, community and local economy level. DEFT was commissioned by the ILO for this component of work, and key tasks included were:

1.  Undertake technical assessment (along with Government of Odisha, UNDP and UNICEF teams) for the cross-cutting sector “Employment, Livelihoods and Social Protection”. 

2.  Compile background data needed for the assessment in consultation with Government of Odisha departments, constituents, CSOs/local bodies, etc., and develop pre-disaster baselines.

3.  Assess post disaster situation through field visits and prepare damage, loss and sector recovery needs estimates. Engage in consultations with stakeholders to finalize the report

4. Bring together the data, analysis and findings and write the sector report. Present findings in the meetings as facilitated by the joint UN team. Incorporate feedback/inputs at each stage.

Value Chain Analysis and Capacity Building of MSMEs in North East India for Export Competitiveness (Assam and Mizoram)

Client Name

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and EXIM Bank Govt. of India

Period

September 2018 – February 2019

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in partnership with the Exim Bank is implementing a Value Chain Analysis and Capacity Building project for MSMEs in North East India for Export Competitiveness. A key aim of the project is to promote export potential of the existing MSME in industrial clusters of the North-Eastern States particularly in the states of Assam and Mizoram. UNDP’s initiative is supported by the Government of India, Government of Assam and Government of Mizoram.

Key tasks included:
 
(1) conduct value chain studies, collect data through surveys from production clusters, industries, establishments, public institutions, MSMEs, registered and unregistered units, Non-Governmental Organizations and Own Account Enterprises across districts of Assam. 

(2) conduct eight entrepreneurship orientation courses in the states of Assam and Mizoram.

(3) benchmark export oriented units outside NER and organize Assam and Mizoram cluster representatives visit to these units

(4) develop bankable proposal to facilitate investments for increasing exports from NER 

(5) prepare resource book / compendium for use by entrepreneurs aspiring to export

Developing an implementation strategy for Recognition of Prior Learning system in Karnataka

Client Name

Indo-German VET programme, GIZ India and Govt. of Karnataka

Period

October 2018 – December 2018

The Government of Karnataka has requested Indo-German Vocational Education and Training (IGVET) project to provide technical support in developing a strategy to effectively implement the RPL program in the State. The aim of this study is to develop the contours of State Level RPL program in Karnataka and recommend its implementation strategy.

Towards this, we have undertaken the following tasks:

(a) brief Situational Analysis  to understand the national RPL program and explore what could be the design imperatives of a State-Level RPL program.

(b) built upon the findings from above through adoption of relevant international good practices, evaluation of RPL model options that could best suit the State’s labour market needs

(c) set out the roles that key institutional stakeholders could play in a State-Level RPL program, envisage a staged implementation process, and

(d) concluded with our recommendations to take forward the proposed implementation strategy

Apprenticeships in uPVC Doors and Windows and Glazier Technology: support to establish the Skills Development Unit at Bhiwadi, Rajasthan

Client Name

Indo-German VET Programme, GIZ India and uPVC Doors and Windows Manufacturer Association

Period

September 2018 – December 2018

The Indo-German Vocational Education and Training (IGVET) programme aims at bringing the actors of the public and private sectors together to achieve conditions conducive to create and improve cooperative, workplace-based VET in India.

In Bhiwadi (Rajasthan), one of the models of Cooperative VET is being driven through uPVC Window and Door Manufacturers Association (UWDMA). This and other models will build the basis of experiences for conclude applicable models of cooperative VET in India.

UWDMA, a progressive chamber formed by industry leaders to promote and propagate uPVC windows and doors, came forward to seek support of the IGVET as they were already faced with the issues of not getting appropriately trained workforce. They further realized that no course offered by the MSDE (short or long) met the industry’s requirements.

Hence, UWDMA, with support of IGVET, has set up its own skill training centre, which would, also implement National Apprentices Promotion Scheme (NAPS). The training centre would train youth in basic training courses and place them in the member companies for 18 months of in-company training. 

The objective of the consultancy assignment was to support UWDMA in the preparation and start phase of the “uPVC Doors, Windows and Glazier Technology” course and in establishing UWDMA as a professional Skill Development Service provider for the Bhiwadi Cluster
 
The key tasks undertaken were:
 
1. Supporting UWDMA to manage successfully the administrative tasks for imparting the uPVC Windows and Doors Glazier training programme
 
2. Supporting the technical preparation of the uPVC Windows and Doors Glazier training programme
 
3. Other operational tasks that were considered important to support UWDMA 

Bangladesh Skills for Employment and Productivity Project: Assessment of Apprenticeship Programme

Client Name

International Labour Organization, Bangladesh

Period

July 2018 – November 2018

The ILO is engaged with several Govt. of Bangladesh institutions and private sector agencies in delivering the Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Reform program through multiple technical cooperation projects. The ILO’s Bangladesh Skills for Employment and Productivity (B-SEP) project is one such program supported by the Government of Canada. 
 
The B-SEP Component 3 (Industry Skills Development)  apprenticeship program was designed in accordance with the NSDP 2011 framework. The program aimed at improving productivity, modern work practices and identifying the needs of enterprises across five sectors: Agro-Food, Hospitality, Pharmaceuticals, Ceramics, and Furniture. These sectors were selected on the basis of whether they contribute to economic growth, have potential for growth are experiencing skill shortages and whether there are opportunities for primary school drop outs, school leavers up to grade 8 and female workers to find employment.   
 
The apprenticeship program component was initiated as a pilot intervention to activate the apprenticeship training system in the private sector covering the dual formal-informal economy. It envisaged covering 12,000 apprentices: 6,000 in formal sector enterprises and the remaining 6,000 in the informal economy. Apprenticeship training delivery in B-SEP comprised both on the job and classroom tutoring by experienced trainers in the enterprises where the apprentices were placed. The assessments were done by the industry themselves. Independent assessments of competencies were carried out only for a small number of trainees according to the NTVQF standards of Bangladesh Technical Education Board (BTEB).
 
Objectives of this study were set out as:
i. Assess the progress made towards institutionalizing apprenticeships in formal and informal economies using the ILO’s Toolkit for Quality Apprenticeships (Vol I) ;
ii. Assess the relevance of the program to the formal and informal labour markets, contributions made and lessons learned;
iii. Develop suggestions for national stakeholders, practitioners and policy makers

Key tasks of this assessment study focused on:

(1) Policy and institutional level
(a) Assess adequacy and effectiveness of the existing policy, institutional and legal framework, regulatory mechanisms, integration with TVET qualification system, CBT&A methodology and the government’s commitment to promote apprenticeship system in formal and informal sectors
(b) Assess the willingness and capacity (financial and technical) of stakeholders to operate and sustain the apprenticeship system and programmes in formal and informal sectors,
(c) Examine the gap between prescribed and actual roles and responsibilities of the key stakeholders;
(d) Document the good practices, challenges faced and lessons learnt for recommending measures.

(2) Operational level (examine formal and informal sector results separately)
(a) Examine the contributions of ILO’s apprenticeship programme to achieve the policy objectives.
(b) Assess the employment rate and cost effectiveness in comparison to TVET graduates
(c) Evaluate the extent this programme focused on inclusiveness.
(d) Examine overall relevance, efficiency and effectiveness of the programme operation and highlight the success factors, challenges and lessons for competitiveness and sustainability

(3) Beneficiary level (examine formal and informal sector results separately)
(a) Assess quality of skills acquired, rate of certification, employment rate, satisfaction with jobs and improved economic status;
(b) Track retention of the trained apprentices in their first job and percentage who switched;
(c) Study the benefits to the employers in the formal apprenticeship programme and their willingness to continue their programme with their own resources

Study on the Future of Work in Information and Communication Technology (ICT)

Client Name

International Labour Organization, Geneva

Period

June 2018 – November 2018

The International Labour Organization's (ILO) Future of Work Initiative is one of seven Centenary Initiatives being implemented in the run up to ILO’s 100th anniversary in 2019. The "Future of Work in Information and Communication Technology” is a global research project commissioned by the ILO Headquarters as a part of this initiative. 
 
The research aims to study the anticipated needs for skilled workers and approaches to address shortages by scaling up investments in ICT education and training and better managed migration in the ICT sector. The output of the study would be a research report, which in part will be based on consultations with constituents in three countries: India, Indonesia and Thailand.
 
M/s. DEFT Advisory and Research (team leader: Dr. Partha S Banerjee) has been appointed by the ILO to develop the country report for India. The scope of work requires meeting concerned stakeholders, conducting surveys and personal interviews, collecting data from ICT service provider firms, product developers, eminent industry leaders, industry analysts / consultants and eminent experts. 
 
Following key tasks are to be undertaken a part of this study:
 
(1) extensive desk research covering trends on future of work, employment scenario, migration flows, shifts in technology, expected disruptions
 
(2) interaction with academia, universities, specialized institutions to understand trends education, research, TVET training, and pedagogy
 
(3) two cities are to be covered for constituent consultations: Delhi and Bangalore. In these cities Focus Group Discussions and workshops are required to be convened.
 
(4) compilation of India report and validation through stakeholder reviews

Addressing barriers to scaling up Renewable Energy (RE) through industries involvement: State-level field research and studies

Client Name

Indian Renewable Energy Federation (IREF), supported by Shakti Sustainable Energy Foundation

Period

January 2018 – December 2018

Assisting Indian Renewable Energy Foundation (IREF) in the field study and analytical components of the project. The study covers five major RE sub-sectors: Solar (ground mounted and roof-top), Wind, Small Hydel Power, Waste to Energy and Biomass.

Key tasks include:

(i) desk research on all 29 States and 7 Union Territories of India followed by

(ii) undertaking field visits to at least 15 States for collecting primary data and interviewing key informants

(iii) being IREF's research partner in five regional workshops being conducted for stakeholder consultations

(iv) analyzing barriers that the project developers, financial institutions, EPC contractors, and equipment suppliers face during concept-to-commissioning, as well as operations, stages of RE projects.

The study output would be in the form of a research report with a summary of findings presentation made available to IREF and the project sponsors. 

Assessment of Social Protection Needs for Cambodian informal labour markets: enable informal workers to join the National Social Security Fund

Client Name

OECD Development Center, European Union Soc. Prot. Systems, International Labour Organization Cambodia
for the
National Social Security Fund, Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training, Royal Government of Cambodia

Period

October 2017 – March 2018

For the purpose of this study, tuk tuk drivers’ and domestic workers’ segments from the informal sector were selected for collecting evidence to better understand the implications of different employment arrangements, income and savings patterns. This would help assess the social protection possibilities that can be practically implemented for these segments. Such (pilot) implementation models could eventually become more scalable and in the foreseeable future get extended to cover similar informal employment typologies.

Tuk-tuk drivers: With Cambodia witnessing steady growth, its economic hub Phnom Penh is expanding fast. The burgeoning population in Phnom Penh (from 1.5 million in 2012 to almost 3 million in 2017) is rapidly increasing the demand urban transportation within the city. However, except for the availability of para-transit such as Motodop and Motorumok Modern (tuk-tuk), there is no convenient and comfortable public transport mode in the city. While the growth in commuters would otherwise augur well for the tuk-tuk driving business, the earnings of tuk-tuk drivers are steadily declining over the years. This is mostly because of a large increase in number tuk-tuks in Phnom Penh. Entry barriers are relatively low in this sector for job seekers whose livelihoods may have been affected in other sectors or who may be looking to pick up some money when not engaged in seasonal agriculture work. 

Competition in the segment is also starting to take shape. Modern, smaller-in-size, LPG-fuelled (hence ‘greener’) three-wheeled rickshaws have started plying in Phnom Penh. Several taxi companies (global and local) are now expanding their cab-hailing services in Phnom Penh. With the Government planning to restrict tuk-tuk operations as a de-congestion measure in busy zones of the city (which are also lucrative for tuk-tuk business), the drivers are increasingly coming under stress and will soon become vulnerable to socio-economic shocks. Hence, the timing is appropriate for NSSF to develop a social protection coverage model for this self-employed and segment of the Cambodian workforce.

Domestic Workers: From a labour market perspective, domestic work cannot be classified as self-employment. It is typically a wage employment, almost always activated through informal / verbal agreements between the domestic worker and the employing households. From a regulatory standpoint, domestic work is excluded from the Cambodian Labour Law. The domestic workers are mostly women, with very few males taking up such jobs. These women typically are rural to urban migrants, have low levels of literacy and their income from domestic work is considered as a supplement to the overall household income. The informality in this wage employment sector is even more fragmented than what exists as informality in the construction sector. 

There is minimal coverage of social protection systems for domestic workers. A survey reported 83% of the interviewees saying they had “not received any insurance”. There is an increasing demand from domestic workers’ associations urging RGC to ratify the ILO’s Convention 189 (C189). Thus, the case of Domestic Workers for further study and suggesting a practical pilot implementation model for this SP-IW employment type is deemed appropriate at this point in time.

Rapid Market Assessment and Value Chain Analysis: Cambodia building construction sector

Client Name

International Labour Organisation Cambodia
for the
National Social Security Fund, Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training, Royal Government of Cambodia

Period

July 2017 – January 2018

Project Background:

As a labor-intensive industry, the construction sector in Cambodia has traditionally provided an important entry point into the labour market for landless and unskilled workers. The recent construction boom in the country has created new jobs and attracted a new workforce. In particular, the construction sector is associated with a disproportionally high share of serious work-related accidents and fatalities.  Poor living and working conditions reflect the absence or lack of enforcement of labour and social regulation covering workers in this sector. Consequently, the construction sector has been identified by the Ministry of Labour and Vocational Training (MoLVT) as a priority sector for this intervention.

Engagement objectives:
 
1.   Conduct a Rapid Market Assessment (RMA) to map the Cambodian construction market system and produce a list of the most relevant value chains within it, ranked according to their potential to advance the project’s dual goal of expanding Occupational Safety and Health (OSH) and social protection, for specifically the Employment Injury Insurance (EII). 
 
2. Conduct a value chain analysis (VCA) of the selected value chain with an OSH and social protection risk assessment. The VCA will include an identification of the dynamics and constraints in the value chain as well as an identification of the social protection, occupational safety and health risks faced by workers at the different stages of production and identify the underlying factors. 
 
3. The objective of these tasks is to provide a comprehensive overview of the value chain and its market environment, as well as to single out areas of possible performance (implementation and administration) issues related to OSH and social protection in the selected supply chains.

Development of Toolkit: Labour Market Survey and Skill Needs Assessment in Indian States

Client Name

International Labour Organization, India

Period

March 2017 – October 2017

The toolkit will support conducting structured labour market surveys and skill needs assessments at the District Level in the Indian States. The outputs of such surveys using the toolkit will provide inputs to development of a well-functioning labour market information system at the State Level, developing evidence-based policy responses and targeted implementation programmes. The scope of work for the development of the toolkit:

A) Preparatory stage: Backgrounder, Learning from International practices to develop TVET toolkits, and good practices review of Indian initiatives in other sectors

B) Toolkit Structure: 

B.1. Tools for engaging Governments, Authorities, Public Institutions, Planning agencies – developing policies to create the enabling environment needed for skilling, providing Education for Employment (E4E) and initiating macro-level action for generating employment opportunities

B.2. Tools employers (large enterprises, MSME, sector associations – advocacy, meso and micro level action planning aligned to overall labour market conditions and trends 

B.3. Identifying and organizing secondary data sources (Official Statistics, National, State and District level databases), codes lists, stakeholder maps, content and knowledge inputs for analytics.

C) Developing the toolkit: District level surveys, sector-level value chains and State-wide replication

D) Guidelines on how content should be organized and readied to be uploaded to any interactive platform

District Climate Action Plan to access Climate Finance for vulnerable districts in Rajasthan

Client Name

German Development Cooperation GIZ Office India
and
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

Period

December 2016 – March 2017

Objectives: 
i. To work with the GIZ climate change team and NABARD in developing a pilot district level climate action plan for accessing climate finance from national as well as international funding sources for vulnerable district of Rajasthan, based on evaluation of the State Action Plan on Climate Change (SAPCC) against existing central and state sponsored programmes and schemes for Agriculture sector. 
ii. This will help potential project executing entities in the states and at district level to identify sectorally appropriate projects that requires additional financing support from national as well as international climate finance sources.
 
Key tasks include: 
i. Facilitate and coordinate a one-day technical brainstorming discussion with NABARD and GIZ to discuss and finalise the specific district of intervention and the broad content of the study 
ii. Finalisation of sub-sectors within Agriculture sector for the particular district having relevance in terms of climate change adaptation and mitigation. 
iii. Correlate the activities mentioned in the state action plan on climate change (SAPCC) to the respective sub-sectors identified. 
iv. Identification and documentation of available state sponsored programmes and schemes and other public and private investments for the same sub–sectors and quantification of the same. 
v. Preparation of a draft district level climate action plan that captures the climate finance additionality (activities that are not yet financed under any of the current and existing schemes) against the available state sponsored programmes and schemes and other public and private investments for identified subsectors in Agriculture. 
vi. Discuss the draft district level climate action plan with GIZ and take strategic inputs and finalise the plan for the particular district. 
vii. Submission of the final plan to GIZ and NABARD

Labour market study for manpower planning, identifying industry linkages for employment opportunities and assessing skill development needs: in selected Districts and Value Chains (Fisheries and Horticulture)

Client Name

State Government of Odisha, India
and
International Labour Organization

Period

November 2016 – April 2017

Key tasks include

  • Economic / employment landscape analysis. Discussing approach with project stakeholders, Government Officials, think thanks, reputed academicians and finalizing inception report.
  • Secondary data analysis, stratification, drawing up contingency tables, sample sizing, sample selection and preparation of survey instruments.
  • Comprehensive questionnaire survey with Industries, Establishments, Municipal Trade Licensees, Micro-Small-Medium Enterprises (total sample size 1500+ enterprises), registered and unregistered units, Own Account Enterprises and other Employers. Objective: to get employment opportunities, apprenticeship options, wage levels, hiring potential over the next few years, analyze barriers to their business expansions, access to markets, finance, factors of production inputs, human capital, skill needs, and other primary data.
  • Identify formal, informal, non-formal VTP in the three districts. Select 25+ VTPs for comprehensive Field Survey: assess state of Skill Training in these districts.
  • Study of selected sectors (Coastal Fisheries and Horticulture produce) to understand employment potential and skilling needs (within State and outside the State). Consultation with industries through meetings, interviews and workshop. Undertake sector specific surveys and develop case studies.
  • Create an online survey instrument to obtain aspirations / motivations / perspectives from students in Schools (Class 9-10 and Cass 11-12 separately), madrassas, Colleges (third year). Sample size at least 20 institutions in these districts.
  • Consultation with civil society, community service organizations to obtain insights into aspirations, opportunities and potential skill needs through workshop / structured dialogue.
  • Interaction with Govt. of Odisha Departments, Directorates, Missions for convergence planning and developing possible Skill Development projects.
  • Data analysis and synthesis of findings. Draft report and submit it to ILO, Govt. of Odisha. Conduct workshop, incorporate suggestions and finalize.

Comprehensive periodic tracking and dissemination of Renewable Energy developments in India: designing a web portal

Client Name

World Institute of Sustainable Energy (WISE)
and
Indian Renewable Energy Federation (IREF)

Period

September 2016 – March 2017

World Institute of Sustainable Energy in association with Indian Renewable Energy Association is developing a web portal on comprehensive periodic tracking and dissemination of renewable energy related knowledge rein India. From DEFT, we are technically supporting the consortium in conceptualization, data collection, data management and analysis.

Strengthening the Apprenticeship Ecosystem in India

Client Name

United Nations Development Program
and
Government of India

Period

October 2016 – March 2017

The present study aims to achieve the following:

  1. Undertake assessment of firms implementing apprenticeship training schemes based on a review of available data. Document good practice case studies of ten firms implementing apprenticeship programs.

  2. Assess to what extent the suggested interventions and incentives are appropriate to overcome existing challenges to expand industries' participation in apprenticeship training and to increase quality in apprenticeship training.

Key tasks include:

  1. Identify the most important challenges and constraints’ currently preventing MSME’s to participate in formal apprenticeship training to meet their skilled workers’ needs.

  2. Develop case studies of 10 champion employers and identify best practices. Document and analyze these best practice case studies of Indian firms with implementing apprenticeship programs. The analysis focused on:

  3. Experience and level of satisfaction of firms with training apprentices (how are apprentices trained? How are apprentices integrated into the work process? Are the firms satisfied with the performance of apprentices?)

  4. Extent to which apprenticeship graduates are recruited into employment after completion of the apprenticeship training,

  5. Factors determining the decision of companies to recruit former apprentices

  6. Data collection for Costs and benefits (returns) of apprenticeship training for participating companies

  7. Perception, motivation, and level of satisfaction of apprentices;

  8. Assess to what extent the suggested interventions and incentives with 10 champions are appropriate to overcome existing challenges to expand MSME participation in apprenticeship training and to increase quality in apprenticeship training;

  9. Identify, other interventions needed to expand and improve apprenticeship training in the MSME sector.

  10. Work closely with the UNDP communication team to develop videos/films/audio

  11. Ensure the soundness and appropriateness of the data reflecting on-ground issues.

Partnership for Innovation in Education in Asia and the Pacific: Work Based Learning

Client Name

Asian Development Bank,
Manila, Philippines

Period

November 2016 – January 2017

In line with contemporary approaches to TVET, employer engagement and relationships between work-based learning and institution-based learning are increasingly forming part of TVET reform projects and processes. Recruited using single source selection for developing cases illustrating aspects of work-based learning through international literature and professional networks.

Key tasks included:

  1. identified, through international literature and professional networks, up to 20 potential cases of excellence in work-based learning

  2. in collaboration with ADB, decided on the cases to be included in the Working Paper on work-based learning

  3. developed the cases of between 2-3 pages length, illustrating pertinent aspects of work-based learning and source photos (credited as appropriate)

  4. provided finished copy for case studies for inclusion in the ADB working paper.

Labour market study for manpower planning, identifying industry linkages for employment opportunities and assessing skill development needs: in selected districts of Assam (Kamrup Metro, Tinsukia, Cachar)

Client Name

State Government of Assam, India
and
International Labour Organisation

Period

June 2016 – December 2016

Key tasks include:

  1. Economic / employment landscape analysis. Discussing approach with project stakeholders, Government Officials, think thanks, reputed academicians and finalizing inception report

  2. Secondary data analysis, stratification, drawing up contingency tables, sample sizing, sample selection and preparation of survey instruments

  3. Comprehensive questionnaire survey with Industries, Establishments, Municipal Trade Licensees, Micro-Small-Medium Enterprises (total sample size 1500+ enterprises), registered and unregistered units, Own Account Enterprises and other Employers. Objective: to get employment opportunities, apprenticeship options, wage levels, hiring potential over the next few years, analyze barriers to their business expansions, access to markets, finance, factors of production inputs, human capital, skill needs, and other primary data.

  4. Identify formal, informal, non-formal VTP in the three districts. Select 25+ VTPs for comprehensive Field Survey: assess state of Skill Training in the three districts. Followed up with a workshop of all VTPs operating in these districts.

  5. Study of selected sectors to understand employment potential and skilling needs (within State and outside the State). Consultation with Industries through meetings, interviews and workshop. Undertake sector specific surveys and develop case studies

  6. Create an online survey instrument to obtain aspirations / motivations / perspectives from students in Schools (Class 9-10 and Cass 11-12 separately), madrassas, Colleges (third year). Sample size 5,000+ students across at least 20 institutions in these three districts

  7. Consultation with civil society, community service organizations to obtain insights into aspirations, opportunities and potential skill needs through workshop / structured dialogue.

  8. Interaction with Govt. of Assam Departments, Directorates, Missions for convergence planning and developing possible Skill Development projects

  9. Data analysis and synthesis of findings. Draft report and submit it to ILO, Govt. of Assam.

  10. Present findings to the Chief Secretary and other officials, incorporate suggestions and finalize report

Mapping of the Skills Assessment Procedures, Certification Standards and Equivalencies between Sri Lanka and UAE & Kuwait - in identified occupations of the construction industry

Client Name

International Labour Organization, Sri Lanka

Period

March 2016 – May 2016

This study reported on the following factors in Country of Origin (COO) and Country of Destination (COD) by identifying the existing skill assessment procedures, certification standards and equivalencies

  • Entry requirements for trainees/selection criteria (prior training, education and experience requirements).
  • Education and training content (skills standards or modules covered) duration, course type, progression routes, national occupation standards (levels), skills competencies required and other associated information.
  • Training inputs i.e. technology/equipment and consumables requirements
  • Trainer qualification and experience
  • Assessment, and specific competencies that are tested during certification, any soft skills requirements
  • Minimum requirement of language skills set by COD, to ensure that expatriate workers are adequately prepared to function in society apart from possessing trade skills
  • Whether certifications or prior experience are more acceptable in industry as a standard for entry
  • Courses , curricula, durations of courses and training institutions that are preferred by UAE & Kuwait employers
  • Equivalencies among the accreditation levels/methods in COD (NQA & KOSAC) and COO (TVEC- NVQ)

Detailed study for manpower planning, identifying industry linkages for employment opportunities and assessing skill development needs

Client Name

State Government of Mizoram, India and International Labour Organization and United Nations Development Program

Period

Phase 1 September 2015 – April 2016 (Aizawl District)
Phase 2 May 2016 – September 2016 (Remaining Districts)

Key tasks include:

  • Discussing approach with project stakeholders and finalizing inception report.
  • Secondary data analysis and preparation of survey instruments. Economic / employment landscape analysis. Identifying top 10-12 trades / occupations.
  • Questionnaire survey through Industry Chambers and associations to get industry / employers views. Consultation with Industries (meetings, interviews and workshop). Prioritize few industries for deeper study.
  • Identify formal, informal, non-formal VTP in districts. Select VTPs for visitation and survey assessments. Field survey of institutions, VTPs, employers: assess state of Skill Training in districts.
  • Study of selected industries, establishments, micro-enterprises to understand employment potential and skilling needs (within State and outside the State).
  • Create a simple, online forum to obtain suggestions / perspectives from training recipients, young employees, migrants, Non-Governmental Organizations.
  • Consultation with civil society to obtain insights into aspirations, opportunities and potential skill gaps through workshop / structured dialogue.
  • Interaction with Govt. of Mizoram Departments, Directorates, Missions for convergence planning and developing possible Skill Development projects
  • Data analysis and synthesis of findings. Draft report and submit it to ILO and Govt. of Mizoram. Develop policy input paper. Present in workshop and finalize.

Comparability and Benchmarking of Qualifications Frameworks between Bangladesh and other sending and receiving countries

Client Name

International Labour Organization, Bangladesh

Period

August 2015 – December 2015

This assignment for comparability and bench-marking focuses on identified priority occupations particularly for occupations of the migrant workers in countries of destination. The scope is to develop a mapping report, responding to the objectives mentioned-above, ensuring:

  • Mapping of levels and level descriptors of the different frameworks to identify broad equivalency for the identified countries given below against national qualifications frameworks in Africa such as Uganda, South Africa and the Southern African Development Community framework (SADC); national qualifications framework of a few European countries (2-3) and the European Qualifications Framework (EQF); the framework of the Cooperation Council of the Arab States of the Gulf (GCC); Caribbean Vocational Qualifications Framework (CVQF); Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF); ASEAN Qualification Reference Framework (AQRF); Pacific Qualifications Framework; Canadian Degree Qualifications Framework; and a few others (total not to exceed 15).
  • Undertake a mapping of national programmes for priority occupations from 21 identified trades.
  • Examine NQF systems of both origin and destination countries and identify the possible ways for mutual recognition of Bangladesh NTVQF and South Asian countries' frameworks. In particular: 
    a)Quality Assurance System. 
    b)Competency Based Curriculum development process. 
    c)Teaching-Learning, Assessment Resources.
    d)Role of the Industry Bodies.
    e)Review of various modalities for TVET/skills training.
  • Recommend models which can be piloted to promote regional collective agenda building on labour migration in and from South Asia at the level of SAARC.

Setting up the Green Jobs Sector Skill Council and developing the first set of Qualification Packs - National Occupational Standards

Client Name

Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)
National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)
Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE), Govt. of India

Period

Phase 1 Feb 2015 - June 2015
Phase 2 June 2015 - March 2016

DEFT was engaged to draft the GJSC proposal which included defining GJSC objectives, its operating model, roll out and scale up plans, use of market research inputs for curriculum development and updating. Key tasks performed by DEFT include:

  • Assess green jobs industry sectors growth potential under various scenarios of development.
  • Stakeholder consultation to identify the requirement of the green jobs sector.
  • Green Jobs Skill Gap survey to identify new skills requirement by the industry and capacity of current institutions providing manpower in green jobs sector.
  • Qualitative (job roles) and Quantitative (number of jobs) manpower projections for green jobs sub-sectors in medium term and long term horizon.
  • Financial model eventually targeting self-sustenance and the likely impact was developed for a ten year horizon.

Thereafter, DEFT was continued to be engaged to develop the initial set of National Occupational Standards (NOS) and Qualification Pack (QP) for the sector. Key tasks:

  • Research, Analysis and Assessment of all job roles related to both ground-mounted and roof-mounted installations.
  • Functional Analysis: analysing key purpose, descriptions, areas and scope of work in each job role; then identifying performance criteria, knowledge and skill requirement for each NOS; appropriate aggregation to develop initial set of QP and their assessment criteria. For this work, undertake field visits for studies and industry consultation.
  • Validation of NOS and QP through stakeholders workshop releasing the final version to NSDC for public comments along with a plan to maintain its relevance and currency over time.

Feasibility study on Solar Photo-Voltaic (SPV) based Energy Solutions to improve Community Livelihood in Indian Himalayan Region

Client Name

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) Limited

Period

January 2015 – March 2015

The objective of the study was to assess feasibility of SPV based energy solutions and develop mini-grids to give a thrust to energy access programs for remote communities in the Indian Himalayan States. ONGC commissioned the research study (as a part of its Corporate Social Responsibility) to shortlist potential applications which can be identified for establishing "tail-end" generation plants, and support livelihood generation through agro-based Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). Uttarakhand was taken as the representative State. Key tasks performed by DEFT:

  • Study the power demand-availability projections and assess key renewable energy policies and incentives in the state.
  • Collect and analyze household electrification; MSME secondary data to identify suitable blocks.
  • Meet state nodal agencies officials and NGO/CBOs to identify potential applications where SPV based solutions can be deployed.
  • Visit potential sites for colleting base data on applications.
  • Report findings.

Recognition of Prior Learning: Design and evaluation of pilot implementation

Client Name

International Labour Organization, India

Period

Phase 1 Oct 2013 - Jan 2014
Phase 2 July 2014 - May 2016

The project targeted devising an effective, cost-efficient and scalable mechanism of assessing the skills of an individual to place him in a level within the vocational qualification framework. The detailed design was completed in Phase 1 which has been followed by pilot implementation in Phase 2 covering key job roles in 5 identified sectors such as Agriculture, Construction, Healthcare, Gems / Jewellery and Domestic Workers.

The Phase 1 outcome included methodology to identify informally trained workers (potential candidates for RPL assessment), assessment questionnaire, selected NVEQF levels for which workers would be assessed, indicators and metrics to assess the viability of the approach. The design report as outcome of Phase 1 was presented and National Skill Development Agency (NSDA) moved forward to Phase 2 of the project.

In Phase 2, DEFT has been appointed as Monitoring and Evaluation consultants by ILO-NSDA. Key tasks include:

(a) Evaluation support to NSDA for 5 pilot sectors on RPL assessment methodology, tools, processes, geographic diversity, timelines and budgetary estimates.
(b) Developing common M&E log-frame and evaluation guidelines for RPL sector teams. These will cover, inter-alia, key outputs and outcomes of the overall RPL pilots; key performance indicators during the preparatory and RPL assessment stages; and key performance indicators to be addressed through tracer studies over the subsequent 12 month period.
(c) Tracer Study: to investigate the correlation between successful RPL certification and its hypothesized benefits for the assesse. The tracer study would be longitudinal in nature endeavouring to collect at least three data points from identified respondents after 5 weeks, 15 weeks and 25 weeks of the RPL certification

Strengthening Skill Development Mission in Tripura State of India

Client Name

United Nations Development Programme, India

Period

May 2015 - June 2015

UNDP commissioned DEFT to undertake a diagnostic study on Skill Development in Tripura and recommend institutional strengthening measures. Key tasks included

  • Study available reports and secondary data to understand the skills development ecosystem in the State of Tripura, key issues confronting employability in the State, skill development plans of the Departments, and their achievements till date.
  • Undertake a mission to Tripura to meet senior Government officials, Departmental functionaries to understand the present status of skill development in the State, study its Skills Mission including organizational, personnel and funding arrangements; visit some ITIs and  private skill training providers in the State; assess the efforts already underway to enhance overall coordination / convergence across programs.
  • Draw on lessons learned / good practices from selected 4-5 other State Skills Development Missions, including those that could (possibly) be piloted in Tripura. This may provide options to Government of Tripura for improving their skill development programs.
  • Identify overall priorities, actions and resources (human and financial) to fully operationalize the Mission; and propose set of core principles that may be useful in guiding future development.
  • Support UNDP team to develop an implementation plan to be forwarded to Government of Tripura for strengthening Skill Development Mission in the State.

Study the feasibility of setting up company for revival of sick State Owned Enterprises (SOE)

Client Name

NTPC Limited
and
Ministry of Heavy Industries & Public Enterprises, Govt of India

Period

August 2014 – October 2014

The Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises, Government of India formed a Committee led by Chairman NTPC Ltd. to study the feasibility of revival of sick SOEs. DEFT was engaged as the Consultant to this Committee. Key tasks included:

  • Studying ten economies which have similar SOE structure: China, France, Korea, Russia, Singapore, Brazil, Malaysia, Poland, Thailand, and Vietnam; summarizing learning that can be taken as good principles for adoption
  • Participating in Committee deliberations along with other eminent nominees, reviewing and compilation of suggestions received from across the country.
  • Conduct analysis on the financial position, performance and present Governmental support to the sick SOEs.
  • Developing approach for incorporating the proposed Revival Company identifying seed equity, initial financing, its organogram and operations budget.
  • Structuring funding mechanisms for revival programs, identifying sources, evaluating investment vehicle options and recommending the best suited one under the present statutes and regulation.
  • Setting out methodology for due diligence, feasibility studies for revival and turn-around planning, and encapsulating the support that would be required during revival operations from multiple Government of India Ministries, State Governments and other investors
  • Drafting of report, participating in validation session and finalization

Research study on the welding scenario in India

Client Name

Confederation of Indian Industry (CII)

Period

September 2014 – December 2014

This research comprises of three dimensions, namely (a) Technology in use, (b) Equipment, electrode and consumable markets, and (c) Labour Markets and Skill Development. Key tasks under the study include:

  • Landscape study with detailed research planning (including field visits), literature survey, identifying data sources, designing questionnaire, finalizing sampling techniques, and laying out the analytical framework.
  • Collaboration and discussion with key stakeholders in the Welding Industry and major industrial sectors.
  • Field visits to project / manufacturing sites and collect primary data through surveys.
  • Technology forecast by using a mix of exploratory and normative techniques.
  • Validation of findings, drafting the report and presenting the findings to CII.

Sector assessment and skill development scoping study for Odisha

Client Name

Asian Development Bank,
Government of Odisha, India

Period

December 2012 – April 2013

The project targets skill development of the youth in Odisha in order to improve their employability and match labour supply to demand forecasts on the basis of economic growth anticipated in ten priority sectors.

This ADB engagement included mapping the current skill development structure and activity in state as well as undertaking a sector assessment and scoping for further skills development. The state level skills ecosystem was positioned within national priorities, targets, and major initiatives on one hand, and state level initiatives on the other hand.

We also assessed existing capacity for training, major funding sources of training, and reviewed progress of on-going skilling/up-skilling schemes in the state. Public and private stakeholders engaged in skills development in the state were mapped for their organizational priorities, key targets, cost structure, unit training costs and approach to skill development.

The analysis/scoping study also drew from international good practices relevant to India. The document produced during this scoping exercise will form a useful base for GoOdisha /ADB planning for a possible skills development program in Odisha.

Formation of Mining Sector Skill Council under the aegis of NSDC and development of National Occupation Standards and Qualification Pack for the sector.

Client Name

Federation of Indian Mineral Industries, Delhi (FIMI) and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

Period

Phase 1 Sep 2012 - May 2013
Phase 2 Oct 2013 - Mar 2014

Phase 1: DEFT was the Project Preparatory Consultant to FIMI for developing a comprehensive proposal for MSSC formation, supporting FIMI for the due diligence process till the proposal is successfully approved. The proposal defined MSSC objectives, operating and financial models, scale up plans, systematize continuous research inputs for maintaining an updated curriculum, labour market information system, standardize the processes of affiliation and accreditation and quality assurance program according to industry needs. International inputs from Australia and other countries were obtained and adoptable good practices were analyzed and built into the program. The proposal underwent three rounds of due diligence and was approved by NSDC in September 2013.

Phase 2: DEFT is engaged as the project advisors to operationalize the Mining Sector Skill Council and develop the initial set of National Occupational Standards (NOS) and Qualification Pack (QP) for the sector. Key tasks:

  • Research, Analysis and Assessment of the Sector / Sub Sector, Occupations and Functions.
  • Occupation Mapping: Identify selected occupations and job roles, profiling of these job roles, identification of skill deficiencies (generic and domain specific).
  • Functional Analysis: analysing key purpose, descriptions, areas and scope of work in each job role; then identifying performance criteria, knowledge and skill requirement for each NOS; appropriate aggregation to develop initial set of QP. For this work, undertake field visits for studies and industry consultation.
  • Validation of NOS and QP through stakeholders workshop releasing the final version to NSDC for public comments along with a plan to maintain its relevance and currency over time.

Formation of Iron and Steel Sector Skill Council under the aegis of NSDC

Client Name

Bengal Chamber of Commerce and Industry (BCCI) and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC)

Period

December 2012 – July 2013

Iron and sector skill council was formally launched on 27th July 2013. We supported BCCI in drafting the proposal submitted to NSDC which included SSC objectives, operating model, roll out and scale up plans and quality assurance program. We also recommended ways to systematically generate continuous labour market research inputs for curriculum development and updating, and identified the investments required. A ten year financial forecast modelling was also done.

Our consultants performed a detailed secondary analysis of the iron and steel sector, gathered data on human capital currently employed in the sector, conducted workshops and meetings with key stakeholders of the industry to mark the planned investments, and growth projections. In the final deliverable Deft charted out the detailed list of activities for the to-be formed Iron and Steel Sector Skill Council (ISSSC).

Proposal preparation to seek NSDC affiliation and funding for Private Vocational Training Providers.

Client Name

Multiple vocational training providers

Period

Oct 2013 - present

DEFT provides advisory and proposal preparation services to established private vocational training providers (VTPs) looking to enhance their training capacity and delivery quality with NSDC funding.

In addition to technical support in drafting the proposal and financial modelling, DEFT also provides support during the complete due diligence and approval process.

This covers VTP operations in eastern, western, northern and southern India.

Business planning and restructuring advisory

Client Name

Premier business association in India with members from public and private sector including SMEs and multi-national companies.

Period

Dec 2013 - Feb 2014

DEFT has been engaged by an apex Industry Association in India to advise restructuring of the existing Skills Division and transition it into a Center of Excellence and establish it as the leading national player in this domain. Key tasks:

  • Review current and projected business opportunities, SWOT analysis.
  • Identify areas to pursue excellence, develop execution strategy and engagement models.
  • Propose CoE and regional structures, consequential staff needs.
  • Draft a five year business plan stating investment needs, revenue and cost targets.

Development of a Labour Market Information System (LMIS)

Client Name

Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited, New Delhi

Period

Jan 2014 - May 2014

DEFT was engaged by ONGC to systematically compile labour market information for two key job roles - Welders and Pipe Fabricators. The output of this study was set out in the form of a report which has been submitted to ONGC. The compiled intelligence will be utilized for supply side alignment and focused skill development measures by the ONGC CSR division.

We performed the following tasks:

  • Demand assessment through secondary review of key sectors employing welders and fabricators.
  • Developed models to project the demand for the two job roles for next five years.
  • Incorporated scenario analysis in the model to capture possible economic growth trends.
  • Conducted a primary survey to get qualitative inputs from key employers.
  • Supply side analysis.
  • Proposed action areas for ONGC to bridge the skill deficit both for itself and the industry.

Technical assistance to the Government of Chhattisgarh for implementation of the multi - year EC SPP Programme Implementation Plan

Client Name

Department of Tribal and Scheduled Caste Development,
Government of Chhattisgarh and European Commission State Partnership Program

Period

Jul 2013 - Sep 2013

The overall objective of the State Partnership Program (SPP) with Chhattisgarh is to achieve a "more equitable delivery of and access to quality health and education services as well as improved forest-based livelihood through governance, institutional reform and capacity development on State and decentralized levels. It also includes improvement of Vocational Training in tune with the National Skills Mission.

The State has initiated efforts at improving the Vocational Training Programme in tune with the National Skills Mission. The Tribal Development Department visited other successful state VET programs and thereby prepared a detailed action plan identifying few vocational centres and selected trades for improvement. This project provided them technical assistance for implementing the plan.

Diagnosing Critical Constraints to Growth and Structural Transformation in Cambodia Energy Infrastructure

Client Name

Asian Development Bank,
Manila, Philippines

Period

May 2013 - Feb 2014

ADB conducted a country diagnostic study (CDS) of Cambodia which informed the next country partnership strategy and the Government's medium term development planning. Understanding the current state of power sector development and the policies, investments and requirements for the future was the central purpose of this assignment.

We performed the following activities:

1. Conducted a study of rural electrification in Cambodia with a focus on key issues listed below:

  • The impact of grid extension on rural electrification
  • The cost and sources of funding for grid extension
  • Rural Electrification Fund (REF)
  • The socio distributional aspects of EDC (government) financing (can it be directed to more poverty affected areas, funding say 100% of project in some areas and 30% in other areas as a function of poverty)
  • The current and continued the role of Rural Electrification Enterprises (REEs) and their evolution as the grid expands (addressing viability, consolidation and capacity building)


2. Engaged with stakeholders and discussed the above issues with officials in Government, Regulator, State Utility and infrastructure owners
3. Undertaken field visits across multiple provinces in Cambodia.
4. Prepared draft report and discussed that with Government, Regulator, and other stakeholders. Incorporated feedback and revised the paper based on comments and suggestions

Madhya Pradesh Power Sector Investment Program: preparing the Project Completion Report for Tranche # 1 amounting to USD 106 million

Client Name

Asian Development Bank,
Manila, Philippines

Period

Nov. 2012 – Mar 2013

This engagement was to prepare the project completion report. Our team conducted comprehensive review of the project documents, undertook field visits, engaged closely with MP Power Transmission officials to collect indicative data. Compliance with loan covenants was also evaluated and a report prepared on contractual disputes.

Detailed economic and financial analysis was carried out for the project. The study involved calculation of the actual economic rate of return form the project as a performance benchmark. The team also assessed the implementation of environmental monitoring and management plan and also reported on the other social impacts of this implementation project.

All the findings were collated and presented in the form of a detailed project completion report submitted to the ADB.

Clean Energy Finance Investment Program - To conduct due diligence on technical, economic, financial, social, and environmental aspects and prepare the ensuing loan.

Client Name

Asian Development Bank,
Manila, Philippines

Period

Jun 2013 - Nov 2013

India Renewable Energy Development Authority (IREDA) under the aegis of Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE) is the principal vehicle of the government of India for financing renewable energy projects. ADB has been requested to support IREDA's operations over the next 5 years. The ADB loan is proposed as an MFF to ensure IREDA has assured access to a medium term line of credit that can be progressively converted into loans depending upon actual portfolio growth.

The DEFT expert (Shobana Anand) provided technical expertise in assessing new project proposals for each major sub-sector such as wind, hydro, biomass, solar, cogeneration with an objective to design a reusable information capturing matrix and technical assessment guidelines.

She also identified capacity building requirements of selected staff in IREDA and recommended institutional strengthening measures for the authority.

Study the Solar energy market for High Tension and Bulk customers through Open Access in State of Andhra Pradesh, India.

Client Name

First Solar Power India Pvt. Ltd.
New Delhi, India

Period

Dec 2012 – Apr 2013

First Solar, a large photovoltaic manufacturer, engaged us to assess the opportunity available to market Solar energy through open Access. Andhra Pradesh was selected as the pilot state for the study.

The research based study completed by DEFT experts included the following steps:

  • Studied demand and supply projections
  • Detailed review of the available short term (up to 2015) and mid-term (2015 – 2022) projections of demand and supply scenario (including generation mix).
  • Conducted a high-level study of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) trends and macro-economic indicators, five year plans, investment programs in pipeline that could boost energy demand
  • Data analysis to construct the State load curve versus generation curve for three scenarios “optimistic-likely-pessimistic”. Assessed the opportunity for FS in AP
  • Studied the existing power evacuation (Transmission and Distribution) infrastructure and capacity augmentation programs that are under implementation.
  • Conducted sample (about 10-12) survey of representative HT customers
  • Met with select industry associations on usage of alternate sources of power by their industry members.
  • Analysed the solar policy of AP with specific focus on wheeling and banking, open access charges
  • A detailed study report was prepared and presented to First solar with clear recommendations on next steps.
   
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